Lesson 1: Introducing Gallipoli

Introduction

The Gallipoli campaign is one of the most well-known battles in Australia’s military history. On 25th April 1915, troops from Australia, New Zealand, Britain and other allied nations landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. The Australian and New Zealand troops landed just north of Gabe Tepe (the landing area later known as Anzac Cove), and the British and other allied troops landed at Cape Helles. They were attempting to capture the Turkish forts that were protecting the narrow strait of Dardanelles.

What was meant to be a relatively straight forward campaign, turned into an ambush when the Australian and New Zealand troops landed in the wrong location and were bombarded with Turkish shells and gunfire. In the eight months the troops spent there, they suffered 25,000 casualties, including 8700 deaths.

In this lesson, students will research to find out more about the Gallipoli campaign and, more specifically, Australia’s involvement.

Links to Australian Curriculum

History

  • Use historical terms and concepts.
  • Identify questions to inform a historical inquiry.
  • Identify and locate a range of relevant sources.

Learning outcomes

Participating in this lesson will help students to achieve the following learning outcomes:

  • Students will be able to discuss several facts about the Gallipoli campaign of World War I.
  • Students will reflect on their researching skills by judging the validity of their chosen information sources.

Resources

You will need:

  • computers with internet access
  • ‘All about Gallipoli’ activity sheet.

Lesson steps

Please note: Some of the content in this lesson may be upsetting for students. It is advised that teachers use their discretion when selecting the proposed activities for use in their classroom.

As a class, brainstorm what students already know about Gallipoli. Record ideas. Provide students (individually or in pairs) with a copy of the ‘All about Gallipoli’ activity sheet.

Ask students to read through all the questions and identify any words or phrases they are unfamiliar with. Discuss and clarify these as a class before completing the sheet.

Students use the internet and the websites suggested on the ‘All about Gallipoli’ activity sheet to answer the questions. They should note their source for each answer. Students are welcome to use other sources for their information, however the answers to the questions on the activity sheet will be found on the websites provided.

Once the students have completed the questions, discuss the answers as a class.

Consider:

  • Have students found conflicting information?
  • Have students used the sites provided or did they use others?
  • What might the issues be with information about events that happened 100 years ago?
  • What facts or information did the students find the most interesting? Why?

Students to select one or two pieces of interesting information, undertake some further research about the topics and create a presentation for the rest of the class. The format of the presentation can be agreed upon by students and the teacher.

Additional cross-curricular activities

Here are some suggested extra activities to extend the students’ learning.

English

  • Students to use photos, drawings, headlines, articles, etc. to add to a class ‘Gallipoli’ wall.

Mathematics

  • Students to gather data and statistics about World War I and present it in graphical format.

History

  • Students to create a class timeline of key events in the Gallipoli campaign.

Geography

  • Students to create a diorama of ANZAC Cove.

Technologies

  • Students to find images relating to the Gallipoli campaign. Use computer software to create a photo story with appropriate music.